COURT OF APPEALS OF VIRGINIA Present: Judges Fitzpatrick, Overton and Senior Judge Hodges Argued at Salem, Virginia HARLAN L. WILSON MEMORANDUM OPINION BY v. Record No. 0161-95-3 JUDGE NELSON T. OVERTON JULY 2, 1996 COUNCIL OF THE TOWN OF CHATHAM FROM THE CIRCUIT COURT OF PITTSYLVANIA COUNTY B. A. Davis, III, Judge Barbara Hudson for appellant. Rudolph A. Shupik, Jr. for appellee. The Virginia Employment Commission awarded benefits to Harlan L. Wilson upon the cessation of his employment with the Town of Chatham. The circuit court reversed the commission on the ground that Wilson voluntarily left his employment without good cause. We affirm the circuit court's decision. An individual is disqualified from unemployment benefits if he leaves work voluntarily and without good cause. Code 60.2-618(1). Whether an employee voluntarily quit without good cause is a mixed question of law and fact and is reviewable on appeal. Virginia Employment Comm'n v. Fitzgerald, 19 Va. App. 491, 493, 452 S.E.2d 692, 693 (1995). The evidence before the circuit court demonstrated that Wilson left his employment voluntarily and without good cause. "The term 'voluntary' connotes '[u]nconstrained by interference; unimpelled by another's influence; spontaneous; acting of oneself . . . [r]esulting from free choice.' An employee's intention to quit may be discerned from words or conduct inconsistent with the maintenance of an employer/employee relationship." Shuler v. Virginia Employment Comm'n, 9 Va. App. 147, 150-51, 384 S.E.2d 122, 124 (1989) (citations omitted). On February 8, 1993, Wilson told the town council that he would be submitting his resignation that evening. He did in fact submit a letter stating that it was his resignation. Although the council did not formally accept the resignation at that time, Wilson cleaned out his locker at work within the next three days. At no time did he attempt to withdraw his resignation. We hold that the circuit court did not err when it found that this employee voluntarily quit his employment without good cause. Affirmed. Fitzpatrick, J., dissenting. I respectfully dissent. On appeal, "the findings of the [VEC] as to the facts, if supported by evidence and in the absence of fraud, shall be conclusive, and the jurisdiction of the court shall be confined to questions of law." Code 60.2-625(A); Shifflett v. Virginia Employment Comm'n, 14 Va. App. 96, 97, 414 S.E.2d 865, 865 (1992). In the instant case, the evidence supported the commission's finding that Wilson was terminated, and the circuit court erred in overturning that factual determination.